Radio Match Highlights
by Kenneth Harkness
As the first peacetime international sports event, the
USA-USSR Radio Chess Match was well timed. The second day of the contest
was officially declared V-J Day by President Truman. The war ended and the
world of chess celebrated the coming of peace.
The match wrote other "firsts" in the record book. It
was the first international match conducted by radio and it marked the
debut of the Soviet Union in the field of international sport. Never
before has a team representing the USSR played another country in any form
For many years, the Soviet people held aloof from
international competition. During this period, chess became their national
game. Promoted by the USSR Committee on Sports and Physical Culture, chess
activities were organized in a wholesale manner. Close to a million and a
half players have taken part in various official and unofficial
tournaments during the past twenty years. Before the war there were more
that 800,000 rated chess players in the Soviet Union who had won their
titles in official competitions! Of this number, 1,000 were first category
players, just below the rank of Master.
Despite the tremendous growth of chess interest, most
of the Soviet players had never tested their skills against masters of
other countries. Their country was not represented in the International
Team Competitions, held biennially before the war. But in the spring of
1945 the Soviet Union extended the hand of friendship and agreed to play a
chess match, by radio, with the United States.
There followed a long period during which the rules of
the match were agreed upon, the dates settled and the necessary
arrangements made. A Radio Match Committee was formed, headed by Maurice
Wertheim, President of New York's Manhattan Chess Club. Outstanding
personalities in many fields, quick to recognize the importance of the
match in developing friendly relations with the Soviet Union, agreed to
serve on the Committee. The U. S. Chess Federation gave the match its
blessing and official endorsement, but the work of arranging, publicizing
and conducting the match was left to the other two sponsors - the American
Society for Russian Relief and CHESS REVIEW.
Your reporter was given the job of supervising the
arrangements and directing the New York end of the match. Nikolai Zubarev
of the Chess Section, USSR Society for Cultural Relations with foreign
Countries, was given similar responsibilities in Moscow. We exchanged many
cables and spoke to each other on the overseas telephone, settling the
rules of the match. Among other things, we agreed to a ten-man team,
playing two rounds, at a time limit of 2½ hours for the first 40 moves,
one hour for each succeeding 16 moves. We also agreed that all games would
be played to a finish, that representatives of the opposing team and a
neutral referee would be present in New York and Moscow, that the Udeman
Code would be used for transmitting move messages.
While these negotiations were in progress, elaborate
preparations were made for staging the match at the Henry Hudson Hotel.
Special demonstration boards, with scaffolding and platforms, were
constructed and installed. Signs were painted. Exhibits were prepared.
Telephones were installed. Tickets and posters were printed. A program was
prepared and published. The method of handling incoming and outgoing move
messages was worked out in detail and tested. Special boards were made,
marked in Udeman notation, to enable the players' "tellers" to follow the
games and translate the moves into this special telegraphic code. The
operating staff was selected and trained in its duties. (For the handling
of incoming and outgoing moves messages alone, twenty volunteers were
The Mackay Radio Company agreed to handle the match and
gave us magnificent cooperation. Two teletypes, to carry incoming and
outgoing messages independently, were installed on one of the balconies of
the Henry Hudson Ballroom. These teletype printers maintained contact with
the company's Moscow Radio Circuit at 67 Broad Street where the equipment
was geared to handle 700 words a minute in both directions.
The public relations department of the American Society
for Russian Relief launched a publicity campaign under the supervision of
Anna Goldsborough. She and her staff of eighteen people worked like
Trojans for three weeks before the match and during the match itself.
Newspapers and magazines were flooded with releases. Material and pictures
were given to editorial and feature writers. Special programs were
arranged on scores of broadcasting stations. Before long the press became
decidedly chess-conscious and devoted large space to the match.
The team lineups were announced simultaneously from New
York and Moscow on August 1st. (Chess Review, Aug.-Sept. issue). Leonard
B. Meyer of the Manhattan Chess Club was appointed Captain of the U. S.
team. Alexander Fomin of the Soviet Consulate in New York was named as the
USSR representative. Dr. Walter Cruz of Brazil agreed to serve as the
neutral referee . In Moscow, Edward Frye, of the OWI [Office
of War Information - sbc] and L. Melorg of the British Embassy were
appointed as the U. S. representative and neutral referee, respectively.
On August 31st, a practice match was played between New
York and Moscow to test the facilities and give the operating staffs some
experience. At the Henry Hudson Hotel, in a large room on the second floor
reserved for the team players, Mrs. Gisela K. Gresser, U. S. Woman
Champion, and Chessmaster Edward Lasker took their places at boards one
and two. Their opponents were Olga Morachevskaya, Moscow Women Champion,
and Honored Master Peter Romanovsky.
In the playing room were the five tellers who had been
appointed to service the players; boards at the big match, with assistants
to relieve and help them when necessary. The tellers were Jack Landau,
Harry Fajans, Frank Marshall, Jr., Edgar McCormick, and I. Tessohn. Alfred
Kreymbourg was Chief Teller. Ten messengers, directed by Kevin Plessit,
were lined up to convey messages from the playing room to the control
balcony in the Ballroom, half-a-minute's walk away.
On the control balcony, Mackay Supervisor Henry Leleu,
a clerk and two teletype operators were ready for action. Coordinator
Fred Reinfeld had laid out his albums, score cards and other paraphernalia
to check messages and positions, record moves and translate them
into descriptive notation for announcement on the public address system.
Reinfeld was aided by Irving Chervev, Melvin Chernev and Louis Kurrelmeyer.
On the stage, four demonstrators, under the supervision of Irving Rivise,
were ready to make moves on the exhibition boards.
The rehearsal match started at 10 a.m., finished at
4:40 p.m. when 22 moves had been completed on board one, 23 moves on board
two. Kinks in the system of handling messages were ironed out. It was
found that the operations involved in transmitting a move required an
average of five minutes. In other words, a move made on a player's board
in New York was duplicated on the opponent's board in Moscow five minutes
later. The actual radio transmission time was only about one minute, but
each move had to be coded, written on a message blank, taken to the
teletype operator; then, at the other end, it had to be decoded, the
acknowledgment of the previous move checked and the new move made on the
On the morning of September 1st, all was in
readiness for the big match. At 9:30 a.m. Moscow called us on the overseas
phone for a final checkup. The the Soviet newspaper "Izvestia" called from
Moscow to interview your reporter for their match edition - a novel
experience. The United States team players took their seats in the playing
room. The referees checked the clocks. All the members of the operating
staff were at their posts. Despite the early hour, a large crowd was
gathering in the auditorium.
At 10 a.m. the match began. The players with the white
pieces made their moves. The tellers repeated the moves on their Udeman
boards., wrote the code words on radiogram blanks. A messenger from each
board came running to the control balcony and the first moves were
dispatched to Moscow.
On the stage, the opening ceremony was being broadcast
by station WNYC. Maurice Wertheim spoke briefly, followed by Arnold Denker
and USSR Representative Alexander Fomin. Then Mayor LaGuardia addressed
the audience, said that he looked forward to the day when Russian and
American teams would be competing in all sports and that chess was a good
beginning "because there's not much talking and no arguing." Then the
Mayor, with a fine show of deliberation, made Denker's opening move on a
In Moscow, a similar opening ceremony was being held.
The principal speakers there were W. Averill Harriman, U. S. Ambassador to
the USSR; Nikolai Romanov, Chairman of the USSR Committee on Physical
Culture and Sports; M. Kamenov, Chairman of the USSR Society for Cultural
Relations with Foreign Countries. The ceremony was broadcast and filmed.
At 10:10 a.m. the first move arrived from Moscow -
Smyslov's P-K4 against Reshevsky - followed in quick succession by the
opening moves on the other four boards on which the Soviet players had
White. Recorded quickly by Reinfeld and his assistants, the moves were
rushed upstairs by messengers. Then, at 10:17 a.m. we started t receive
the replies to our players' first moves and the games were under way.
As the session continued, spectators streamed in at a
steady rate. By early afternoon almost every seat on the floor and
mezzanine gallery was filled. Most of the interest centered around the top
five boards where it was expected the United States would score several
points. Denker was an unknown quantity, playing in an international
contest for the first time. His opponent, the great Mikhail Botvinnik, was
in the best form of his career. But at boards two and three Reshevsky and
Fine were expected to win. Botvinnik had made mincemeat out of Smyslov in
their last encounter - so why couldn't Reshevsky do the same thing? And
Fine had demonstrated at AVRO and other tournaments that he was more than
a match for the best players in the world. His opponent, Boleslavsky, had
never even played in an international tournament. At boards 4 and 5,
Horowitz and Kashdan were well matched against Flohr and Kotov. At the
remaining five boards anything could happen, but it was conceded that they
were probably outclassed on some of them.
But it didn't turn out that way. It soon became
apparent that several Americans had been outplayed in the openings. There
was some excitement when Botvinnik gave up a pawn to Denker. Hopes soared
for the prospects at this board, but the U. S. Champion was apparently
unfamiliar with the opening (a favorite of Botvinnik's and analyzed in the
Aug.-Sept. issue of CHESS REVIEW, page 20!). By the
late afternoon, Denker was in plenty of trouble. At board 2, Reshevsky had
walked into a thoroughly prepared variation. The former U. S. Champion
took 1 hour, 38 minutes to play the first 23 moves. Young Smyslov rattled
them off in 8 minutes flat! He was playing "book" - but the book was in
At 7:15 p.m. the Moscow transmitter broke down and we
were off the air for 22 minutes. There was some delay in getting started
again. Most of the games had played less than 30 moves and it looked as
though we would have to adjourn before the agreed 40 moves had been
The first blow fell at 8:44 p.m. when Denker resigned
after receiving Botninnik's 25th move. It was murder. An hour later, at
9:48 p.m., Reshevsky admitted defeat. Smyslov had played 41 moves in 1
hour, 11 minutes and had 1 hour, 19 minutes to spare. Reshevsky had used
his entire 2½ hours.
With two zeros at boards 1 and 2 and several bad games
at the other boards we seemed to be in for a licking. The only boards with
winning chances were numbers 3 and 6. Fine still had prospects and Steiner
had a good position against Bondarevsky. However, the West Coast star was
in serious time trouble. He had taken more than one hour for his first ten
moves. At his 25th, he had just four minutes left to make his remaining 15
moves. At his 26th he offered a draw, but the offer was refused.
At 9:57 p.m., after about 12 hours of play, Moscow
warned that the radio signals might fade. We replied that we would be
willing to adjourn as we were all getting groggy. Some of our players,
however, protested that they were in critical positions and would rather
continue to the 40th moves. When this request for continuation was relayed
to Moscow they answered that boards 4, 5, 8 and 9 had sealed and departed.
Boards 6 and 7 asked the U. S. players to seal. Boards 3 and 10 would
continue. They added, :Remember, it's six a.m. here and we are more than
Consequently, the only boards to continue were the
Fine-Boleslavsky and the Bronstein-Santasiere games. At 11:22 p.m.
Boleslavsky sent his 40th move and Fine sealed his 41st at 11:52 p.m.
Santasiere sent his 40th at 11:49 p.m. At precisely midnight - after a
14-hour session - we adjourned.
On Sunday, September 2nd, chess hit the front
page - and on V-J Day at that! The New York Times ran the
story of the match on page one with a two-column head. All other papers
gave the match big space.
When the second session opened at 10 a.m. Moscow
offered collective draws on boards 3, 5, 6, and 7. We refused the offer.
Shortly after play started, heads began to fall. On receiving Flohr's
sealed move from the night before, Horowitz immediately resigned. The long
session on Saturday had apparently affected Kashdan, for he blundered in
an even position and resigned at 11 a.m. A few minutes later, the United
States scored it's first half-point when Lilienthal offered a draw with
his 38th move which Pinkus accepted. But at 11:17 a.m. the home team
dropped another point when Kupchik resigned to Makogonov. The score stood
5½ to ½ against us!
At 1:15 p.m. Fine drew with Boleslavsky. The Soviet
player had defended miraculously and Fine offered the draw. With the
conclusion of this game, the five top boards were finished and the United
States had scored half-a-point in the five games!
At 2:40 p.m. Seidman resigned to Ragozin and the score
was 7-1. But at 3 o'clock Steiner became the hero of the hour when he won
his game with Bondarevsky. He had come through his time-trouble period
successfully and had found a win. The game went 51 moves. Steiner was
brought down to the stage and a capacity crowd went wild with joy. They
stood on their seats, whistled and cheered. No chessmaster has ever
received such an ovation before. Grinning from ear to ear, Hollywood's
gift to the chess world took his bow and spoke briefly to the fans on the
microphone. It was his big moment and I don't think he will ever forget
Play finished at 3:20 p.m. when the axe fell again -
this time on the neck of school-teacher Santasiere. 22-year-old Bronstein,
latest youthful star of the USSR, won in 56 moves. The round ended with a
final score of 8-2. The Soviet team had won seven, drawn 2, lost only one.
The remainder of the day was devoted to entertainment
for the crowd. Horowitz showed how Flohr had sprung a surprise combination
on him and explained the whole game in detail. Fine outlined his game with
Boleslavsky. Irving Chernev demonstrated some end-game compositions by
Soviet masters. The Soviet film "Chess Fever" was shown on the screen. At
7 p.m. the entertainment ended, but the crowd showed no desire to leave
and the hall was kept open for another hour so that the fans could see the
exhibits and lay offhand games in the skittles corner.
The second round began at 9 a.m. on September 3rd
- Labor Day. Again the morning papers were full of the match. Both the
Times and the Herald-Tribune devoted several columns to it and
published the scores of all ten games from the first round.
Up in the playing room the atmosphere was serious and
subdued. The holiday spirit of the first round was gone. The players
realized that they had taken a bad drubbing and were in no mood for
comedy. Orders were issued barring everybody from the room except the
players, team captain, referees and operating staff.
Early in the morning, Moscow called us on the overseas
phone and we discussed ways and means of speeding up the handling of moves
to reduce the length of the session. In the first round, it had taken an
average of 5½ minutes to transmit each move from board to board. Moscow
explained that they had moved their Radio Circuit into the room next to
the players. They had also made some changes in their arrangements. It was
agreed that the session that day would be adjourned at 8 p.m. New York
time, no matter how many moves had been played.
Although the session started an hour earlier, there was
a big crowd on hand. By noon there was standing room only. It was the
biggest day of the match and the enthusiasm of the crowd was amazing.
Lasker continued to do a fine job of explaining the moves. At times, Fred
Reinfeld would take over from the balcony. The audience ate it up and
asked for more. As moves were announced on different boards, hundreds of
heads turned to the right or to the left to see what was happening. There
was a continuous buzz of conversation as the spectators discussed the
positions among themselves. If there were any doubts that chess can be
staged as a spectator sport, they were dispelled by this match.
As the session got under way it was obvious that Moscow
had greatly speeded up its handling time. Moves were going back and forth
faster than ever before. On some boards replies to transmitted moves came
back within 8 minutes. A round trip to Moscow and back in 8 minutes,
including the time the players took to make their moves!
Throughout the entire session, the handling and
transmission time on all ten boards averaged 4 minutes, 28 seconds per
move - a full minute faster than in the first round. The fastest time was
made in the Kotov-Kashdan game in which we handled 41 white and 40 black
moves at the average rate of 4 minutes per move from board to board!
As a result of the speed-up, Kotov and Kashdan
completed 40 moves by 7:15 p.m. and all other adjourned games, except on
board 10, played 40 moves by 8 p.m. Under these conditions, an eleven-hour
session was just right.
At board 1, Denker took 48 minutes over his first seven
moves, but it did him no good. Apparently demoralized, he was taken over
the hurdles again and resigned after receiving Botvinnik's 30th move at
6:18 p.m. Not losing his sense of humor, Denker radioed his opponent:
"Congratulations again on a very finely played game. Perhaps after I learn
the openings I may give you a better fight."
All the other games were adjourned between 7:23 and 8
p.m. but the prospects of making a better score in the first round were
none too bright. At boards 3 and 5, Boleslavsky and Kotov were so
confident of success that they sent their 41st moves "open" for their
opponents' inspection! At board 2, Reshevsky had another lost game against
Smyslov. The Soviet player had again demonstrated greater familiarity with
the opening. He took only 13 minutes for the first 14 moves while
Reshevsky stewed over them for 1 hour, 21 minutes. As a result, the
American player got into serious time trouble. He had to make his last 17
moves in 2 minutes! To make 17 replies, Smyslov had 67 minutes. Reshevsky
finished within the time limit but claimed that a blunder on his 39th move
cost him the game. Said Reshevsky: "It my
opponent were sitting opposite me he wouldn't be playing such good chess."
Apparently hypnotism doesn't work by radio.
The only bright spot in the picture was board 4 where
Horowitz had a sure win against Flohr. The editor of CHESS
REVIEW sent his 41st move open but Flohr did not reply. Too bad.
The big audience would have enjoyed applauding another hero.
At the end of the day, the score stood at 9½ to 2½ but
it was obvious that the match was lost.
The final session began at 9 a.m. on Tuesday,
September 4th. Although it was a working day, the attendance was
The match was decided at 9:17 a.m. when Fine and Kashdan resigned their
games without further play. Flohr also resigned to Horowitz without
continuing. So the session started with the match in the bag for the
Soviet team by a score of 11½ to 3½. Horowitz had played a brilliant game
and scored the only win for the United States in the second round. Denker
and Kashdan had been blanked out. Reshevsky had lost one and was on his
way to losing another. Fine had drawn on the first, lost the second. In
the two rounds, Horowitz was the only player at the top five boards to
score a full point. The other four scored half-a-point in 8 games!
Various messages of congratulations were sent to the
Soviet team and officials on their victory. Radioed Maurice Wertheim to
Dr. Rokhlin, Chairman of the USSR Match Committee:
"Congratulations to you and your associates on your
team's well-earned victory. Our only explanation is that you had the
better team. Our only reaction is that we are determined to try again next
year. Best regards to you all."
To which Dr. Rokhlin replied:
" Thank you for congratulations upon our victory in the
match. Undoubtedly this match, which required so much energy and labor on
the part of both sides, is a new stage in the history of the chess art.
Such radio matches permit closer friendly relations between nations and
eliminate great distances of thousands of kilometers. Please convey our
regards to all participants in the United States team."
It might be suspected that the rest of the match was an
anti-climax, but the crowd in the hall didn't think so. They followed all
the remaining games with just as much interest as before.
The next game to finish was at board ten, where
Bronstein made it two straight by defeating Santasiere in 50 moves. The
game ended at 12:28 p.m. Then Ragozin presented Seidman with his second
goose-egg at 4:25 p.m. when the Marshall Chess Club champion resigned
after receiving Black's 68th move.
Reshevsky was still wriggling on Smyslov's hook but the
Soviet player finally landed him at 5:10 p.m. after 72 moves.
Now there were only two more games to go - at boards
six and nine. Both seemed to be draws, but these Russians don't give up!
Bondarevsky and Steiner were see-sawing back and forth. The
Makogonov-Kupchik game was in a hopelessly blocked position. Yet both
Soviet players continued to fight for wins, although their team had
already won the match by a wide margin.
Just before the session was due to close, Makogonov
finally offered a draw with his 73rd move and Kupchik accepted. But
Bondarevsky was stubborn and refused to give up. As the players were
supposed to go on the stage for the closing ceremony at 8 p.m. we
suspended the game and agreed to arbitration. However, at 8:26 p.m. the
Soviet team captain sent a message accepting a draw. Bondarevsky had tried
hard to avoid being the only Soviet player to finish with a minus score
but failed. Steiner became the only American to finish in the plus column
with 1½ points in 2 games.
The final score in the second round was 7½ to 2½. The
American team had taken another licking and lost the match by 15½ points
The closing ceremony, broadcast by WNYC, was a
big success. Although the team had lost and the match was over, the hall
The program started at 8:30 p.m. when Miss Grace Moore,
Metropolitan Opera star, sang the national anthem. She was followed by Efim Vitis of the Russian Opera Company, who sang the Soviet Anthem. Mr.
Vitis also entertained with Russian folk songs. He made a big hit and was
called back for an encore.
The next item on the program was a humorous monologue
on chess by actor Sam Jaffee, who described the plans of the "big
promoters" to take chess out of the drawing room into the great outdoors.
His conception of a broadcast of the future:
"Rokevsky kicks a Pawn to King four . . . The
White Queen has broken through for a dash of 30 yards .
. . now a White Knight is coming down the field. Just a minute
- there's tricky play by the Bishop. No, it's a foul. He's going to be
penalized . . ." - and more along the same
Famous war correspondent Leland Stowe then spoke at
some length on the international significance of the match. Stowe plays
chess himself and has witnessed the Russians tremendous interest in the
game. He said that the sponsors and players had perhaps accomplished
something much greater than they realized. Said Stowe:
"We've learned there are some things the Russians do better than we do,
and perhaps it's a good thing to be reminded of it. It's a challenge to
know we're going to have to play better chess to keep up with the
Committee Chairman Maurice Wertheim also pointed out
the importance of the match as a means of bringing American and Soviet
peoples closer together, then presented to the Soviet Acting Consul General
Pavel Mikhailov a special plaque to commemorate the match. Said
Wertheim: "Tell the Soviet players that
this trophy carries with it the best wishes, the friendship and greatest
admiration of the American players, of the Committee and organizations who
helped to arrange the match and all the American people."
After Mikhailov had acknowledged the acceptance of the
trophy, on behalf of the Soviet team, citations were presented to the
members of the American team by Mrs. Frank J. Marshall. The program ended
with an amazing blindfold demonstration by Reuben Fine. He played four
boards, simultaneously, at ten seconds a move, thereby breaking his own
record. Although Fine was playing blindfold he did not make a single
mistake and won all four games. The moves were reproduced on demonstration
boards for the audience.
Thus ended the great Radio Match of 1945. Contact with
Moscow had been broken off shortly after the closing ceremony started.
During the last few minutes, Moscow asked for the opinion of the American
masters concerning the games of the match. The Soviet magazine Chess in
the USSR has offered prizes for the best game and the game
contributing most to the theory of chess.
Return Match in Moscow Planned
At the conclusion of the Radio Match, Committee
Chairman Maurice Wertheim cabled the Soviet authorities proposing that a
series of USA-USSR chess matches be held under the same sponsorship as the
1945 contest, with a Challenge Cup to be played for annually. For the 1946
match, Wertheim suggested the possibility of a face-to-face contest, in
Moscow, across ten boards.
In reply to this proposal, the USSR Committee on
Physical Culture and Sports and the Chess Section of the USSR Committee on
Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries issued a cordial invitation to
the Radio Match sponsors to bring an American team to the Soviet Union in
1946. The official invitation was signed by Nikolai Romanov, Mikhail
Botvinnik and Vassily Smyslov. In a later message, received on September
22nd, the Soviet Committees informed us that they welcomed the proposal to
hold an annual match and suggested the institution of a trophy to be known
as "The Marshall-Tchigorin Challenge Cup." They asked for our suggestions
as to dates and terms of cup play.
As this is written, discussions are still in progress
and no definite commitments have been made. However, every effort is being
made to send a team to Moscow in 1946 and hold a series of annual matches
thereafter. Whether subsequent matches will be played across the board or
by radio is not yet settled. Details will be announced as soon as
arrangements have been concluded.
Kenneth Harkness was born Stanley Edgar in Glasgow, Scotland in 1896.
One of the early editors of Chess Review, Harkness co-authored,
with Irving Chernev, one of the best-selling chess books of all
time, "An Invitation to Chess." In 1956 Harkness wrote "The
Official Blue Book And Encyclopedia of Chess." In 1970 he wrote
the "Official Chess Rulebook of the USCF." Harkness also
promoted the use of the Swiss System in American tournaments and
rewrote the rules to accommodate it. As Business Manager for the USCF
in the 1950's, Harkness created the "book and equipment" sales as well
as the local co-sponsorship program
Harkness also created the "Harkness System," sometimes called the
"Median System" (eventually replaced by the Elo System) for
establishing chess ratings. He died in 1972, the year he became an
Maurice Wertheim, born in 1886, was one of the great patrons of
American chess in the 20th century. Although he had inherited a small
fortune from his father, the owner of the United Cigar Manufacturers
Company, he started his own, very successful firm, Wertheim & Company
which dealt in investment banking. His interests included Art, Chess,
Theater and Conservation. The Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge was
created on 2000 acres in Long Island donated by Wertheim.
A strong correspondence player, Wertheim had an abiding
interest in Chess. He organized the Radio Match, working through his
connections at the State Dept., and financed most of the costs
including the travel and expenses of foreign representatives.
As president of the Manhattan Chess Club, he financed it's
move to a new location in 1941. That same year he also covered the
expenses for the Reshevsky - Horowitz U.S. Champion- ship match.
Maurice Wertheim died in 1950.
Irving Chernev was born in Priluki, Russia in 1900. He was brought
to the United States in 1904. Known more for his writing than his
chess play, Chernev, who published 18 books on chess, was probably
best known for his "Logical Chess: Move by Move," ''Curious
Chess Facts'' and ''The Golden Dozen; The Twelve Greatest Chess
Players of All Time,'' as well as ''The Fireside Book of
Chess," co-authored with Fred Reinfeld. Chernev
worked in the fine-paper industry and lived in Brooklyn. He died in
The Henry Hudson Hotel
353 West 57th Street
1200 Rooms - 1200 Baths
Designed by Morris & O'Connor,
built in 1929 as the American
Women's Association Building,
a club hotel.
82 m / 269 ft high - 27 floors.
Mikhail Botvinnik playing Denker